Best Schools For Philosophy Majors

Best Schools For Philosophy Majors – When students are compared by the degree of study as much as above average scores in the Graduate Examinations (GRE), a standardized test used by many disciplines to evaluate graduate students, a new vision of the test of the major philosophical order with data scores in recent years.

Tomas Bogardus, a professor of philosophy at Pepperdine University, noted much of the available data that philosophy students took on the GRE (such as philosophy pages) from 2015 to the last, including the chart above and the table below. . [NOTE: Updated versions of the chart above, with more directions, are posted at the end of this post.]

Best Schools For Philosophy Majors

If you just add the raw scores of the three sections, philosophy has a grand total of twenty-five. But because of the different standard deviations for each part, you would think it would be more interesting to see how many students score above the mean for each part, i.e. the number of standard deviations above the mean for all students constitutes the mean for each major. When you do that, and you take the mean of the average deviations for all three sections, the highest philosophical directions are. This seems to be due to how well they perform in the verbal and writing sections, which is offset by their relatively modest (but still well above average!) performance in the quantitative section.

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Below is a table showing the average major GRE scores. In addition to all others performing within standard deviations above the average, the Philosophy major scored higher than all parts of the oral and written exam. Majors also write higher than all other humanities in the quantitative exam portion. (Note: The table below is a revised version originally included in this post. Thanks to Tom Hurka for fixing the problem with the original table).

I have updated the Papers & Papers page with this information. Also in “Why Study Philosophy?” Professor Bogard. Check out the reader page.

UPDATE: Here is the information on which the above is based (note: this spread is a revised version of the original publication of this post): For your reading pleasure, here are ten schools of philosophy that you should know about. Some of them are widely misunderstood, which we address here.

Which means “nothing”, and more in a series of interrelated positions and questions than a single thought. The main concept is the lack of belief in meaning or argument in the field of philosophy. For example, moral nihilism argues that moral facts cannot exist; metaphysical nihilism argues that we cannot have metaphysical facts; Existential nihilism is the idea that life has no meaning and is worthless – that’s the kind of thing most people think of when they hear the word.

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Contrary to popular understanding, Nietzsche was not a nihilist. but he wrote about the dangers of nihilism and proposed solutions to them. The real nihilists were the Russian nihilists.

Existentialism is a school of thought based on the work of Soren Kierkegaard and Nietzsche. Existentialism looks at the problems of existential nihilism. What is the point of life, if life has no inherent end, where can we thrive after God dies, and how does the consciousness of the inevitable end come? Existentialists also ask about free will, choice, and individual problems.

Exists also included John Paul Sartre, Simon Beauvoir and Martin Heidegger. Albertus Camus was associated with the movement, but considered himself independent from it.

Stoicism is a school that looks at how to live in a world where things don’t go away. Has it rained since your car just grew? I received Does the lady at the table next to you sound like a dying cat when she talks? Accept it and move on to the next problem. The underlying principle is to accept everything that is out of your control. The pain will pass, you will stay, so it is better to focus on what you are doing

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The noble Stoics were Zeno Kitius, Seneca, and M. Aurelius. Today, many athletes rely on stoicism to help them focus on the performance of their teammates rather than how the rest of the team is doing.

Hedonism is the idea that pleasure or happiness is the only thing that has intrinsic value. This idea has been maintained by many other schools throughout history, which is the most famous utilitarian. Since happiness is often taken as pleasure, and this school often gives the green light to corruption, the Greek author Epicurean was also a hedonist and connected this aspect to the virtue of ethical restraint. He argued that moderation would reveal the greatest happiness to individuals.

The word “hedonistic”, used as an euphemism, is only valid in this school because many hedonistic thinkers also saw pleasure as the key to a good life. Many hedonistic philosophers saw pleasure as a kind of happiness, but few thought of it as “so much” happiness. Most hedonists would say that it is better to read a book than to get drunk, because a happy reading is better than a drunken one.

Notable prophets include Jeremy Bentham, Epicurus and Michel Onfray. Hedonism also appeared in the oldest philosophy of memory

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To the Germanic philosopher and his kindred, the ideas of others were added after his death. All of his main ideas are criticisms of capitalism, such as the idea that capitalism’s mode of production takes us away from the results of our work, capitalism’s tendency to overproduction and the resulting crash, and the labor theory of value. He proposed a number of ideas to solve the problems he found in capitalism, many of which were less radical than one might think.

Cultural Marxism is something, but not what your crazy uncle is talking about. In fact, it is a way of criticizing the consumer society to reduce everything to a commodity and the phenomenon of mass labels to all areas of our lives, proposed by German philosophers who also do not like the Soviet system. I’m sure the comment section will disagree with this fact. Notable Marxists include Lenin, Stalin, Mao and Slavoj Zizek; although they are all listed individually, they were called heretics by other Marxists at some point. Marx himself used irony.

The positivist logicians had a good job – until they hit a dead end. This school was popular in the 1920s and 1930s and focused on the notion of verification, which sought to base all knowledge on empirical data or logical tautologies. According to this opinion, metaphysics, ethics, theology and aesthetics cannot be considered philosophical because they do not provide ideas about the value of truth. As it turns out, even the basic principle of verifiability cannot be demonstrated, which is an insoluble problem for the school.

The school was largely ineffective in its work and suffered a major blow when Ludwig Wittgenstein announced his previous work for the idea of ​​the school, which then completely changed course. The school remained very influential, especially in the works of Karl Popper and Wittgenstein, who worked so hard to disprove the principles.

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Famous members of the movement included Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle. They were all brilliant, and most of them went on to other projects after school.

The ancient Chinese philosopher Lao-Tzuas left China for a hermit life. Taoism is based on the concepts of humility, “the Way”, focus on individuality, simplicity and nature. Folk religion is practiced among the Chinese, and Taoists often offer sacrifices to various gods.

Taoist thought later with Buddhism and the birth of Zen. Elements of it are also incorporated into the concept of neo-Confucianism. The principles of Daoism also resonated with the physicist Niels Bohr, who marveled at Daoism’s ability to see opposites as complementary.

If our senses are often mistaken, how can we believe them to be true? This is the main point of rationalism, that knowledge comes primarily from reason and thought, not from empirical experience.

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The idea has spread throughout history. Thinkers who advocated rationalism included Socrates, Rene Descartes, and Spinoza. Their belief that only reason can reveal the great truths of the world has largely fallen into obscurity in favor of a different order of truthful methods. The British philosopher Galen Strawson explained the limits of the rationalist approach to knowledge when he explained, “You see the truth lying in bed. You don’t have to lift the mattress, go outside and investigate how things are in natural things. You don’t have to do any studying.” Convenient but no. Most thinkers today

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