Complete Self Assessment Tax Return – If you are a self-assessed person, you need to file a tax return every year, showing your income and capital gains and claiming reliefs and allowances. Below we explain how this applies to you.
Under self-assessment, certain taxpayers must complete a tax return (sometimes known as Form SA100) each year in which they must show all their income and capital gains and claim any related reliefs and allowances. A tax return is a legal document and it is important not to leave out any source of income, no matter how small (as long as it is not less than £1) or whether tax has been withheld at source.
Complete Self Assessment Tax Return
Most UK employees pay all their tax through the PAYE system and are not required to file a tax return. However, you may need to file a tax return if, for example, you have foreign income or your tax situation is otherwise complex.
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If you are self-employed, you must always complete a self-assessment tax return (unless your trading income is exempt from trading allowance). It doesn’t matter whether you make a profit or loss through your self-employment or start trading as a true self-employed person after registration.
If you have income or gains from outside the UK, you may need to file a tax return.
More information about other groups that need to file a tax return can be found in the Tax Basics section. There is also more information on the GOV.UK website.
In the UK, the taxpayer’s responsibility is generally to notify HMRC if they intend to complete a tax return. If you’ve never filed a tax return before and think you should, you can find out what to do in the Tax Basics section.
How To Complete A Self Assessment Tax Return (with Pictures)
You should be aware that you may need to file a tax return even after you leave the UK.
You must include all of your income and earnings on your tax return, not just self-employment. This includes savings income, employment income, foreign income and capital gains, as well as details of your business income and expenses.
Self-employment pages (known as SA103) must be completed in addition to the main tax return (SA100). Short pages (SA103S) can be completed instead of full pages (SA103F) if annual turnover is less than £85,000 (2021/22).
The self-employment pages of the tax return must be completed with details of business income and various business expenses. For information on how to calculate your business profit, visit the Operating Profit, Loss and Capital Balance page in the Self-Employed section.
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Your taxable profit from self-employment will help you determine how much income tax and Class 4 National Insurance (NIC) you will have to pay. Your Class 2 NIC bill is calculated differently, although you usually pay your tax return and Class 4 NIC at the same time. This is based on the number of weeks you were self-employed during the tax year.
Visit our page to learn more about deadlines for filing Self Assessment Tax returns and paying Income Tax and NICs. What dates are important for self-employment?
You should be aware that there are automatic interest and penalties for not filing your tax return and paying tax on time. HMRC imposes penalties for late tax returns – even if there is no tax to pay or no refund received.
The Tax Basics section contains more information on general rules of accounting. In the guide below, we look at what records you need to keep if you have foreign income or earnings.
What You Need To Know About A Self Assessment Tax Return
If you’re self-employed, visit our business records page for more information about the records you need to keep. There is more information on GOV.UK.
Some migrants working in the UK must complete a formal tax return each year – even if they are not self-employed and all employment tax is paid under PAYE.
This is usually the case if they are tax resident in the UK and have overseas income and gains.
Do I need to file a tax return? We explain whether you need to complete one of our accommodation and accommodation pages.
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As for record keeping, the amount and nature of records you need to keep will depend on your individual circumstances. If you use the payment basis for taxation, including bank statements, you may need to keep notes and comments to support your residence or residential status, information about your foreign income and earnings, and some detailed records.
They must be kept in a safe place for at least 22 months after the end of the tax year. For example, for tax year 2021/22 (year – 5 April 2022) you must keep records until at least 31 January 2024.
If you receive a notice to file a tax return and you don’t think it is necessary to file it, for example your tax affairs are not complicated, you can call HMRC and ask them to withdraw the tax return. Will be removed from self assessment in future.
If you think this applies, contact HMRC as soon as possible. If you’ve been sent a notice to file a tax return, remember that even if you don’t respond, you still have a legal obligation to do so until you properly withdraw the notice (and you’ll be fined if you don’t. ) Self-Assessment Criteria.
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If you stop being self-employed or leave the UK and don’t need to file a further tax return, you must file a tax return for the year you ended self-employment or the year you left. The date you stop being self-employed or leave the UK must be shown on your tax return, so HMRC can close your self-assessment record and stop sending you tax returns. You should always ensure that your correct address is on record with HMRC even if it is overseas. If HMRC gives you a notice to file a tax return for a year, they will receive the notice until further notice, even after you leave the UK or stop working.
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