Examples Of Using The Scientific Method

Examples Of Using The Scientific Method – The scientific method is defined as a series of methods that people use to gather information about the world around them. They do this to improve their knowledge by acquiring more information and trying to explain why and how things happen. This process includes making observations, making questions, making hypotheses, making experiments, analyzing data and finally making conclusions. The steps and definitions of the scientific method are explained below:

The exact steps used in the scientific method vary from source to source, but are generally similar to gaining knowledge through observation and experimentation.

Examples Of Using The Scientific Method

Observing the universe is the first step in the scientific process. Before working on a hypothesis or creating and experimenting, it is necessary to think about some kind of event that will happen.

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After the observation, a question should be asked based on their observation. In some cases, this step involves listening first before making scientific observations. But in reality, these two observations and questions happen at the same time, because no one can look at a chaotic event and immediately think, ‘Why is this happening? Or how does it happen?’. Once an observation is made and a question is questioned, the scientific process moves on to the next step.

A hypothesis is a hypothesis that describes an event that occurs based on past observations. Hypotheses can be specific or general depending on the question being asked, but all hypotheses must be tested by gathering quantifiable evidence.

Testing should be done after the hypothesis is formulated. This is done to test the hypothesis. A test must have an independent variable that is controlled by the experimenter, and a dependent variable that is the object of measurement. During the pilot test, data were collected.

The data should be analyzed after conducting the experiment and collecting the data. Research experiments are often analyzed with statistical software to determine relationships between data. In a simple experiment, one would look at the data and see how it relates to changes in the independent variable.

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Drawing conclusions is the last step in the scientific process. If the data support the hypothesis, then the hypothesis can explain the phenomenon. If the data does not support the hypothesis, then more observations are made, then a new hypothesis will be formed and all scientific methods will be used again. Once the results are obtained, the research can be presented for further information and to get feedback on the validity of the research results.

Scientists have conducted many experiments using the scientific method for hundreds of years. Scientist, Francesco Redi experimented with self-breeding. On the 17th

In the century, when Reddy lived, people believed that life arose spontaneously from organic matter. As people believed that the worm was made of meat that was left to sit. Reddy suggests another hypothesis that the larvae were the eggs of flies. The test is left for this purpose in four meat containers, some of which are hidden and some of which are covered with muslin. After some time the fly entered the dirty jar; He looked at the worm, while the covered container showed a worm on the surface of the muslin. From this experiment, Reddy came to the conclusion that the larvae did not hatch from flesh, but were actually fly eggs.

Example of Scientific Method: Scientific method is not only used by scientists in research but also used by people in daily life. Immediately, if you are at home the light bulb goes off. First, you see that the light bulb is off, this is observation. Then a question arises in your mind, why is the light bulb missing? With a possible hypothesis, such as a hypothesis. Next, you will do a small experiment to test the hypothesis, such as changing a light bulb. If the light bulb comes back on, you will conclude that the light bulb was burned out, but if the light bulb is still on, you will come up with hypotheses and test them one by one.

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Prediction: If we change the bulb and it gives light again, then my hypothesis is confirmed. If there is no light, then my guess is wrong.

Observation: If the pea plant is planted in soil, it will quickly grow in or out of the soil.

Null Hypothesis: There is no significant difference between indoor and outdoor bean cultivation.

Experiment: Plant four pea plants in the same container using soil nature. While these two pots are placed outside, the other two pots are inside.

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Analysis: Collect and analyze data and organize or observe how these plants grow in two environments over three weeks of observation.

Conclusion: Based on the analysis of the data, we concluded that bean plants that are located indoors or outdoors produce faster. Experience, independent variable, dependent variable, external variable, prediction, results, operation.

All scientific endeavors begin with observations. As strange creatures hope to make sense of the world around us, we have a natural tendency to notice patterns in natural phenomena and ask “why…” or “why?”

We refer to sightings by villagers that led to the question of whether the woman was a witch or not:

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A problem is a question about one or more observations. Problems often arise when you are too focused and organized in one way. Based on your observations, you might ask “Is there a pattern to this?” (explanatory question), or “Why does there seem to be a pattern?” (question of reason).

You might think that the research problem in this example is simply “Are you a witch?” This problem is a direct result of (perhaps) difficult to interpret behavior. She looks like a witch (although some villagers admit to dressing like one) and she makes a man a new account. But “Are you a witch?” This is a pointer question. Reasoning questions might include “What does it look like?” or “Why is there more salt than usual in her living room?”

It is important to note that problems arise from observations that are not easy to interpret. They are based on observations.

When presented with a problem or question, it is common to make additional observations about the problem to help explain, correct, or otherwise respond to the problem. This may include library research on similar issues, or gathering official information surrounding an observed event that describes the problem. For example, if a person claims to have been transformed into a new practice by the actions (and powers) of an alleged sorcerer, it would be a good idea to investigate if another person has been similarly affected. Can anyone claim to change the sun? A small mammal like a mug or a muskrat? Does she really have a higher than normal amount of salt in her living room? Such observations can help clarify the problem.

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In traditional scientific models, this step is often not well defined. A guess is often described as an “educated guess.” Yes…these are assumptions, but they are based on observations (the “educated” part of the phrase). In this case, there are actually two different hypotheses for the descriptive question “Is he a witch?”:

It is important to note here that a hypothesis is not a prediction about the results (data) collected in an experiment. Hypotheses are used to make predictions, as shown in steps 6-7.

Again, the journey towards answering questions about the natural world is made by observation. In the case of witchcraft, Sir Bedore investigates the situation further by asking questions and gathering additional observational data.

These are the truly creative steps of the scientific method. Not all questions need to be answered with experience, but experience is the only definitive way to answer CAUSAL (“why”) questions.

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In the example, an experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that he is a magician. So let’s assume the hypothesis “She is a witch.” The test involves comparing the bird’s weight.

Based on the experimental setup, a prediction is made about the collected data: the prediction is “If my hypothesis is true (the woman is a witch), then the woman weighs like a duck.” Remember that a prediction is based on a hypothesis, but it describes specifically how the data looks in an experiment.

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